All steroid hormones are derived from cholesterol. They are transported through the bloodstream to the cells of various target organs where they carry out the regulation of a wide range of physiological functions. These hormones often are classified according to the organs that synthesize them: the adrenal steroids are so called because they are secreted by the adrenal cortex , and the sex hormones are those produced by the ovaries and testes. This distinction is not exclusive , however, because the adrenal cortex also secretes sex hormones, albeit to a lesser extent than do the gonads, and the ovaries under abnormal conditions may produce adrenal steroids. The adrenal cortex produces the adrenocortical hormones, which consist of the glucocorticoids and the mineralocorticoids. Glucocorticoids such as cortisol control or influence many metabolic processes, including the formation of glucose from amino acids and fatty acids and the deposition of glycogen in the liver.
Steroid Abuse | Steroids in Sports | Maryville Online
Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. Anabolic steroids are medications related to testosterone male sex hormone that are made in labs. Doctors use anabolic steroids to treat hormone problems in men, delayed puberty, and muscle loss from some diseases. Bodybuilders and athletes might misuse anabolic steroids in attempts to build muscles and improve athletic performance, often taking doses much higher than would be prescribed for a medical condition.
Understanding and Preventing Steroid Abuse in Sports
If your teen is older or playing sports, you may be concerned about the possibility of steroid use. Although the use of performance-enhancing drugs is a valid concern, rates of steroid use in teens is considerably low when compared with other illicit drugs. Here are some of the interesting statistics of anabolic steroid drug abuse by teens. The current scope of teen anabolic steroid use shows continued stability in the numbers since the start of the s. According to the Monitoring the Future Study since , the numbers have remained stable or shown a slight decline in teen use of anabolic steroids except for 12th grade.
The teen years are often a time to explore and learn more about themselves as they approach adulthood. Often, this involves experimenting and testing their boundaries. The desire to do something new or risky is a normal part of teen development. Teens who perceive little risk in using drugs are more likely to use drugs.