Their brain may also not function within the normal range of both intellectual and adaptive functioning. ID involves both a low IQ and problems adjusting to everyday life. There may also be learning, speech, social, and physical disabilities. Severe cases of ID may be diagnosed soon after birth. However, you might not realize your child has a milder form of ID until they fail to meet common developmental goals. Almost all cases of ID are diagnosed by the time a child reaches 18 years of age.
What You Should Know About Intellectual Disability
4 Levels of Mental Retardation | Psychology
Noonan syndrome is a genetic disorder that prevents normal development in various parts of the body. A person can be affected by Noonan syndrome in a wide variety of ways. These include unusual facial characteristics, short stature, heart defects, other physical problems and possible developmental delays. Noonan syndrome is caused by a genetic mutation and is acquired when a child inherits a copy of an affected gene from a parent dominant inheritance. It can also occur as a spontaneous mutation, meaning there's no family history involved.
All iLive content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible. We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable media sites, academic research institutions and, whenever possible, medically peer reviewed studies. Note that the numbers in parentheses , , etc.
Last Updated on June 1, Parenting itself is a tough job, and those with children who are intellectually disabled can be in a difficult spot. However, due to the negative stigma attached, most people are unaware that there are different degrees of intellectual disability, which we shall discuss in this article. We will also shed some light on the issues involved in dealing with children with intellectual disability and how you can help intellectually-abled children lead a better life.